And my answer to contemporary man, forgetting what pitiful he is in front of the magnitude of human possibilities and right to measure the past and present.
Czesław Miłosz

The topics of the scientific journal were composed pretty naturally. In the process of creating the first volume it was decided to shift the museum theme to the second volume. In this way the meeting of the museum year becomes a good opportunity to remind that museum is not a mere memory store and it is an illusion to create museum of the future as a business project by training competence of museum workers.

The present of museums is reflected by the article of cultural theorist Odeta Žukauskienė “Museum Culture: Changing Discourses and Institutional Critics”; it reveals the dominating world tendencies with a special note to discourse mutation, innovations of the basic institutional norms and management policies. The museology discourse analyzing various aspects of museum practice, questions of curatorship, exhibition organization and creation, communication, education and art reception lately is experiencing substantial (so called “third wave”) transformations turning inevitably important for Lithuania as well. Museum as memory storage place is increasingly viewed from ideological point of view; history has become the environment of formed functional narratives. Critically valued activity aspects of the central Lithuanian art institutions are ventilated, anti-institutional initiatives of artists and perspectives of institutional critics discussed. And, as one of the article reviewers has noticed, the reference is made to the most up-to-date and still scarcely known in Lithuania theory and practice. The article is innovative and actual to reviving museology studies in Lithuania (it means formation of wider critical discourse). A new critical institutional discourse urges to relate closer theory and practice and to seek a more active participation in the processes liberating art field and public space from strict institutional structuring and tendencies of commercialization.

Culture and art critic Kęstutis Šapoka expressed his vision in the article “Anti-museum as Processual Memory”. It discusses peculiarities of change of museum notion. As one of the turning-points in museum discourse or emancipation points the author indicates the socio-cultural revolutions in the Middle or East Europe in 1989–1991 after the fall of socialist and communist regimes. Yet democratization of the post-soviet (museum) discourse partially coincided with Western tendencies and therefore the author made an attempt to take into account a variety of local, socio-political, socio-historical factors and to stress that it is also characteristic of Lithuania where interaction between contemporary art genesis and allegedly new museum discourse embodied in the National Art Gallery institution is fairly problematic and controversial. As a hypothetic counterbalance to this museum notion avant-garde case in Alytus is given.

Cultural sociologist Žilvinė Gaižutytė-Filipavičienė in her article “Art Museums and Media” writes about innovations in the world of museums and reveals contemporary interaction between art and media in the context of new museum paradigms. With the penetration of digital media technologies and internet into museums new museology and exhibition arrangement means as well as the notion of museum as media started coming on stage. Why and how are museums invoking the new media technologies? In eighties and nineties new important changes of Western museology paradigm related to the change of the notion of museum functions have taken place. After the failure of great historical narratives and rise of small histories under the influence of decolonial processes the notion of museums as memory institution began to prevail. In discussion on one of the latest and most debated area – relation of museums as outlined physical scope, defined meanings and tangible artefacts to rapidly spreading new media or virtual world certain issues are actualized: in what way digital media are changing the traditional notion of museum (memory, history etc.,), are these transformations quantitative or qualitative? Is museum possibly going to be relocated only into virtual space with the choice of museology as media discourse?

Portuguese sociologist of art Rafaela Neiva Ganga in her thesis on educational practices and strategies of European contemporary art galleries considers the way in which city cultural identity icons – contemporary art galleries – underline city glocality. The article analyses the social, political and economical situation of contemporary art galleries’ creation, explains how glocal projects are created with regard to common tendencies of the world. As a research object it is chosen the transformation of art deco villa into Fundação de Serralves Porte (in Portugal) and Vilnius Exhibition Palace, which according to the author had to worship the soviet regime, its renovation and turning into Contemporary Art Center.

Contemporary cultural researcher Skaidra Trilupaitytė has chosen Vilnius case to discuss the space of public culture, consumption or cultured consumption. Emphasizing that globalization has really proposed certain scenarios of urban consumption and that centers of all post-industrial cities and public spaces are turned into a part of economical services the author considers the problem of Vilnius as culturally consuming and being consumed city. In the light of public city space and universal philosophical thoughts emerging decline of commercial centers, consumption streets and “unculturedness in the air” comes as a constant object of reflection.

The policy of intangible heritage consistently developed in Europe should be distinguished wider. Creation and spread of national intangible heritage registers became the priority of the 21st century. Two publications seek to stimulate this theme in Lithuania. The creator of one the first registers of intangible heritage, the representative of Bulgaria at UNESCO, prof. Mila Santova presents her publication “Intangible Cultural Heritage: Creation of National Registers and Cultural Policy. Bulgarian Perspective” based on presentation made in international conference “Cultural Research in the 21st Century: Heritage, Identities and New Rhetoric” held in Vilnius on 28−30th of September 2011.

German cultural anthropologist and media producer Thorolf Lipp in his article “Materializing Immaterial. On the Paradox of Mediatization of Intangible Cultural Heritage” gives a wide review of contemporary theoretical cultural suggestions field and lays claim to the status of innovative humanitarian projects.

Horizons of the history of culture give a deeper insight into the importance of the heritage revealing the mysterious side of Czesław Miłosz identity and witnessing his peculiar value orientation. The publication presents also the original Lithuanian and Polish folklore records provided by Czesław Miłosz to Berkeley (University of California) where he was a professor.

“In Conversation on Values” prof. Aušra Jurgutienė interviews Guntis Šmidchens who is the Head of the Baltic Studies Program and the Assistant Professor of Baltic Studies in the Department of Scandinavian Studies in the University of Washington (Seattle). When asked if really ”without songs there would not have been thousands of peaceful resisters and the independence” he presents authentic witnesses and actual insights.

The chapter of reviews presents two books: Vilnius City Theatre: on the Way of Existential Changes 1785–1915 (Vilniaus miesto teatras: egzistencinių pokyčių keliu 1785–1915), Vilnius: Lithuanian Culture Research Institute, 2011, by Vida Bakutytė is reviewed thoroughly by Lithuanian Academy of Music and Theater prof. Aušra Martišiūtė-Linartienė and After Master and Servant: Dialectics of Leadership and Craftsmanship (Po pono ir tarno: lyderystės ir meistrystės dialektika), Kaunas: Kitos knygos, 2012, by Gintautas Mažeikis is volatility analyzed by consultant expert Ph.D. Arvydas Būta who also leads Leadership Programs in the ISM Executive School.

Finally the most interesting events of the firs half of the year are surveyed – Institute of Lithuanian Language, Lithuanian Culture Research Institute, Lithuanian University of Educational Sciences and Vytautas Magnus University collective project “Innovative Training Program for Vernacular Lithuanian Teachers”, international “Login” conference held in Vilnius at the end of May and “Crossroads for Cultural Studies” held by Association for Cultural Studies (ACS) in Paris at the beginning of July.

We encourage a cultural polylogue, spread and diversity of opinions, we enlarge horizons of opportunities while being aware that horizon is distancing as we try to approach it.